www.charlescountymd.gov

Charles County, Maryland

Lawn Care and Landscape Management

Lawn Care and Landscape Management

  • How to responsibly fertilize:
    • Over-applying fertilizers is not good for plants or the environment
    • Have your soil tested to determine what fertilizer and how much is needed if at all.
    • For Lawns and gardens, soils should be tested every 3 years.
    • Use a certified professional or be sure to follow the label directions for proper application.
    • Keep fertilizer at least 15 feet away from streams and clean up any fertilizer that land on impervious services.
    • Leave grass clipping on the lawn as a free slow-release fertilizer
    • Make your own fertilizer, try composting.
    • Visit the UMD Extension website below for a seasonal fertilizer recommendation schedule.
  • Pesticide Alternatives - Integrated Pest Management (IPM):     
    • Preventive Measures-
      • Use native plants that are resistant to pests and diseases in your landscape.
      • Use plants that flower or fruit at different times of year
      • Rotate vegetables to cut down on disease and insects
      • Plant a mix of flowers, herbs and vegetables together to attract pollinators and beneficial insects.
      • Place bird and bat houses in the landscape
    • Beneficial Insects -
      • encourage beneficial insects to your yard by planting attracting flower, and
      • avoid using insecticides
    • Physical Controls -
      • remove weeds and insects by hand,
      • remove diseased plants, weeds and plant litter regularly
      • use protective tubes or sleeves around young vegetables or flowers, and
      • wash pests away with water instead of pesticide spray.
    • Apply pesticide only where needed and not blanket the spray over an area.
  • Soil Erosion Control
    • Cover bare soil with vegetation
    • Use mulch in heavy traffic areas where vegetation cannot be reestablished
    • Place stones at pipe outlets to slow down rainwater and promote  infiltration
    • Use a splash block at downspouts to slow water flow.
    • Stabilize steep hills with terraces made of wood or stone
    • Plant trees, shrubs and ground covers as buffers
    • Use raised beds for gardens to minimize soil loss from runoff